In the July 9, 2012 issue of The Chronicle of Higher Education, Dan Berrett described role- and game-playing pedagogy being used in college courses. Mr. Higbee, an Eastern Michigan University faculty member, reported that on nongame days attendance is lower: “You can cover things, but there is tremendous evidence that coverage does not equal learning.” What exactly are we doing when we “cover” material in class? If when we are “covering” we merely repeat what is in a text or can be read online, there is no point for students to attend class. By experiencing what we want to “cover,” students have a better chance of actually learning.
Posts Tagged ‘active learning pedagogies’
Question: I prefer electronic means for obtaining information. Although I would like to find out more about teaching and learning in higher education, there is too much on the Internet to manage. I would like to dip one toe into the pool and then figure out where I want to plunge deeper. How can I get started?
CITL’s Answer: The CITL’s webpage has several links to helpful resources on a variety of topics about teaching and learning in higher education. The resources range from sites offering teaching tips and strategies to ones providing essays and scholarly treatments of current issues in higher education. To get started, visit the CITL’s web resources page: http://www.emerson.edu/about-emerson/offices-departments/citl/faculty-resources/web-resources.
Question: I often struggle to strike a balance between student learning goals for disciplinary content and learning goals for transferring processes to future situations. Don’t students have to know content before they can learn processes like critical thinking?
CITL’s Answer: Your question is one we all face for courses at all levels. If students are going to think critically, for example, they do need something to think about – content! But, often there is so much content, it would be impossible to expect students to retain it all. DiCarlo and Lujan made recommendations that make sense. They noted that information changes so rapidly, the answers to questions today may be the wrong answers tomorrow. Learning is not always about committing facts to memory, but rather about learning how to find, evaluate, apply, and use information. They recommended that faculty reduce the amount of content presentation in class and replace that time with a focus on active learning pedagogies that will enable students to learn and practice the processes that can be transferred into life after college. The content will be there, ready and waiting for the processes. E-mail Karen_StClair@emerson.edu for the DiCarlo and Lujan references.